In today’s day and age, there are numerous birth control methods and tools. Companies are inventing various devices and means to keep their buyers as protected as possible. 

If you are looking for options regarding birth control in Pembroke Pines, you should visit one of the best places that offer advice and guidance when it comes to birth control and family planning. At NuWave Women’s Health, you can find complete and accurate, up-to-date information, and the patients are empowered to make informed birth control and family planning choices.

One of the more popular methods of birth control women use today is the intrauterine device (IUD). It is usually described as a very small device that is inserted into a woman’s uterus by a medical professional to prevent pregnancy. IUDs are considered very safe and highly effective for the majority of women while also being long-lasting, which is a definite upside. 

IUD is shaped like the letter T, made out of plastic (and copper in some cases), and if inserted correctly, it is more than 99 percent effective. 

Facts About the Intrauterine Device

  • It is functional (with some exceptions) right after its insertion
  • It can last from five to ten years
  • It can be inserted at any time, except if the person is pregnant
  • It can be taken out at any time
  • There are risks of infection and rejection by the body
  • There might be discomfort and bleeding after the insertion
  • It does not protect persons from sexually transmitted infections

Gynecologist Holding an IUD Birth Control Device Before Using It for Patient

How Does The IUD Work?

There are two types of intrauterine devices: hormonal and non-hormonal copper IUDs. 

The hormonal type uses a hormone called progestin to prevent pregnancies by either thickening the mucus on the cervix to block the sperm or by stopping the eggs from leaving the ovaries. 

The copper IUDs are free of hormones, but instead, they are made to release copper into the womb, which makes the sperm retract. In this way, the IUD changes the sperm cells’ movement stopping them from reaching the eggs. 

The Process of Inserting the IUD

When discussing the procedure of inserting the IUD, it is essential to note that the device can be inserted, at any period of the month, except when the woman is pregnant. 

Before the appointment, the patient might be advised to take painkillers to avoid cramping during the procedure. 

Steps:

  • Before the insertion, the patient might be tested for existing STIs and conditions.
  • The medical staff will check the insides of your vagina to check the size of the womb and its position.
  • The procedure is pretty similar to getting a Pap smear – so putting the feet into the stirrups and laying on your back is the standard part of the procedure.
  • The medical professional performing the insertion will use a speculum to hold the vagina open and use a small tube to insert the IUD.
  • They will move the tube through the cervix into the uterus.
  • The IUD gets placed inside, and the tube is taken out.

The procedure is uncomfortable, and it is possible to get a local anesthetic to ease the pain. Feel free to tell the medical professional at any time if the process gets too painful so they can stop. It is also permitted to take painkillers after the procedure to prevent cramping and discomfort. 

It is advised to get the IUD checked after a month to six weeks to ensure that the insertion was successful. Please always tell your general practitioner if there are any pains or discomfort because that is a sign that something is not working as it is supposed to. 

IUD Benefits

Below you can find a list of the advantages and IUD benefits.

  • Most women can use it
  • It protects the person against pregnancy from 5 or 10 years
  • Sexual relations can occur without any kind of interruption by the IUD
  • A woman can get pregnant as soon as the IUD is removed
  • It is safe to use an IUD even when the woman is breastfeeding
  • Other medication does not have any effect on the IUD
  • There is no proven increase in risk for cervical, womb (uterus), or ovarian cancer

So, How Long Does the IUD Last?

One of the features of IUDs that makes this contraceptive method so popular is the amount of time it can protect the individual using it. Although the insertion is quite uncomfortable and painful, the IUDs last for years. This being said, it is essential to keep in mind that they are not permanent. 

If someone decides to get pregnant or simply does not want to have the IUD anymore, a medical professional can remove it very quickly and easily. It is possible to get pregnant right after the IUD has been removed.

People often wonder whether the IUDs can be used as emergency contraception, referring to the methods of contraception used after sexual intercourse. The answer is yes, especially if they are inserted within five days after the unprotected sexual intercourse. It is considered to be the most effective way of preventing pregnancy after sex and more effective than the morning-after pill. 

When Should You Not Use an IUD? 

Although the popularity of this birth control method comes from its adjustability to the majority of women’s bodies, there are certain situations where the person should not use an IUD.

  • If the person thinks there is a chance they might be pregnant
  • If the person has a pelvic infection
  • If the person has an untreated STI
  • If there are problems with the womb or the cervix
  • If there is bleeding aside from the menstrual cycle or after sexual intercourse

Intrauterine Device on a Blurry Background

Are There Any Risks With an IUD? 

There are risks when it comes to inserting the IUD, but they are not life-threatening in any way and can be managed if they occur. 

  • Periods might become more heavy and painful
  • Infection after the insertion of the IUD can lead to a pelvic infection if it is not treated
  • Vaginal bleeding and pain
  • Possibility of getting a thrush 
  • Rejection of the device 
  • Creating damage to the womb

Removing the Device

The IUD can be removed at any time by a medical professional. It is advised to use additional contraception for seven days before removing the device to ensure that a pregnancy will not occur. It is possible to get pregnant as soon as the IUD has been removed. 

The removal procedure takes only a few minutes. The patient puts the feet in the stirrups, and the medical professional slowly pulls the IUD out with forceps. There might be some bleeding afterward, but it should be gone after a few days. 

Get in Touch

If you still have questions about the intrauterine device (IUD) and its purpose, benefits, risks, and the procedure of insertion and removal, please feel free to contact us. We are here for you to ensure you make a well-informed decision about birth control and take the proper steps forward.