Tubal ligation, i.e., permanent birth control, is a surgical procedure used to block, cut or tie the women’s fallopian tubes. In the body of a woman, fallopian tubes function as channels through which the egg from the ovaries moves to the uterus. Also, the tubes are used by sperm to reach the released eggs. 

This procedure has several names:

  • Tubal ligation
  • Tubal sterilization
  • Bilateral tubal ligation (BTL)
  • Permanent birth control
  • Tying the tubes 

Whatever you decide to call it, the first step after deciding to get tubal sterilization is to choose a highly experienced team to perform a tubes tied surgery in Pembroke Pines, Florida. A very safe and professional option for consultation and surgery would be at NuWave Women’s Health, taking into consideration the knowledgeable and friendly team working on topics of birth control. 

The Basics of Tubal Ligation

Gynecologist Doctor Consulting Patient Using Uterus Anatomy Model

So, as mentioned above, the tubes tied procedure, as it is more commonly known, is a permanent form of birth control. The procedure can be done at any time, and most women decide on doing it following childbirth. The surgery itself can also be done in combination with other abdominal surgeries, and if it is not done right after childbirth, then it is usually an outpatient procedure.

In the past, this procedure was only done when medical problems were occurring or when a potential pregnancy would put the woman’s health in jeopardy. Today, it is available to anyone who wants to be permanently safe from getting impregnated, and it is chosen by couples quite often. 

Getting your tubes tied is not only a ticket to not having to think about birth control ever again, but it also decreases your risks of ovarian cancer. 

In most cases, sterilization is not reversible. When it is, major surgery needs to be performed with slim chances of success. For this reason, please take into consideration all the options available before deciding to go with tubal ligation. 

I Want to Get My Tubes Tied – What Is the Procedure? 

As mentioned before, deciding on having bilateral tubal ligation (BTL) is not an easy process, and it is of the utmost importance to have all the correct facts prior to going through it. 

Before this is decided, your chosen medical professional will have a conversation with you about the decision and will feed you information on potential factors which might influence your choice in the future. Other details which should be discussed during this consultation are the details of the procedure, potential risks, benefits, and timing of the procedure. 

After you have made your final decision, you will schedule your appointment and start preparing for the surgery, as with many other medical procedures. 

Before the surgery, it is essential to be sure that you are not pregnant, so you might be asked to take an additional pregnancy test just to be on the safe side. 

In the following section, we will list the detailed steps of the “tubes tied procedure” so you can eliminate fear and prepare as best as possible:

  • The procedure is done under general anesthesia, so giving the anesthetic is the first step in BTL.
  • Two small incisions are made in the abdomen, near your belly button.
  • Your stomach can be potentially filled with gas (carbon dioxide)
  • A laparoscope (a small flexible tube telescope) and other small-scale instruments get inserted through the created incisions.
  • With the instruments, the doctor obstructs the work of the fallopian tubes (this may be done by removing a segment of the tubes or the tubes entirely)
  • After this, tiny stitches are made in order to close up the incisions, and the gas (if used) is removed from the stomach. 
  • The patient can go home a few hours after the procedure is done. 

What Are the Tied Tubes’ Side Effects and Risks?

Doctor Climbing Fallopian Tube With Scissors Onto Artificial Models on Uterus and Ovaries in Clinic.

When it comes to tied tubes’ side effects, there are some that a person might want to keep an eye on. Immediately after the procedure, you might feel some potential discomfort and side effects such as:

  • Fatigue
  • Cramps
  • Abdominal pains
  • Gas
  • Bloating
  • Pain in the shoulders 

Before you leave the hospital, your designated doctor will give you recommendations on how to manage probable pain which might follow. 

Of course, there are some do’s and don’ts when it comes to bilateral tubal ligation aftercare, so here is a small list that might be of help to you:

  • Do not take baths at least 48 hours after the procedure 
  • Avoid rubbing the incisions
  • Avoid heavy lifting 
  • Avoid sexual intercourse until the doctor approves it
  • Do not exercise immediately after the surgery
  • Take pain medication as prescribed by the healthcare provider 

If the following symptoms occur during the recovery period, contact the doctor as soon as possible: 

  • Fever higher than 100.4 F
  • Fainting
  • Bleeding from the wound
  • Foul-smelling discharge from the wound
  • Severe pain in the abdomen that is continuously growing 

It is also essential to talk about the risks you face when you get your tubes tied. Firstly, as with many other medical procedures, which include general anesthesia, there is always a risk that the patient will not respond well to it. Other risks include:

  • Problems with bleeding
  • Infections
  • Damage to other organs 
  • Insufficient closing of the fallopian tubes resulting in pregnancy 
  • Ectopic pregnancies (fertilization outside of the womb)

When talking about a 100% certainty that a person cannot become pregnant after a BTL, it is crucial to note that there is no definite guarantee. Studies show that one in 100 women becomes pregnant in the first year after they had a tubal ligation. This is majorly caused by an incomplete obstruction, i.e., closure of the fallopian tubes, and the possibility of this happening is higher when the person is younger.

The pregnancy which mostly happens in these types of situations is an ectopic pregnancy, where the egg is fertilized outside of the womb. There is no way in which a pregnancy can be successful outside of the uterus, so this type of pregnancy requires immediate termination and medical care. 

Please do not forget that a pregnancy that occurs outside of the womb is a direct health hazard to you, so contact your chosen healthcare provider as soon as you realize that something does not feel right.

Have All Your Facts Straight

Tubal ligation is one of those decisions where you have to measure many times before you cut. It is important to be aware of false information offered offline and online and to find a place where the consultation on this topic will feel safe and where you will feel supported to make your own choices. 

Our professional medical staff, including our world-class doctors, will help with any possible concerns and questions you might have because permanent sterilization is not an easy choice to make, mainly because it is almost irreversible for women. Contact us, and we will help you make the right decision that will positively affect the rest of your life.