What Is Polypectomy?

Polypectomy is a process where a person gets polyps surgically removed from the body. Polyps are benign small lumps of tissue (abnormal growths) appearing on the lining of different organs. The most known surgeries of this type are uterine and colon polypectomies. Polyps can appear on other parts of the body as well, and those are also usually removed using the abovementioned polyp surgery (on the nose, cervix, stomach, etc.). 

Although polyps are considered benign, some of them can be cancerous and demand to be thoroughly examined. In the majority of cases like these, polyp removal surgery is performed to protect the patient from any further complications. 

If you are looking for a polyp removal surgery in Pembroke Pines, Florida, it is advised to explore all the options offered. NuWave Women’s Health is one of the safest options for this type of surgery because the team consists of experienced individuals, and the equipment used for the procedure is of the highest quality. 

If you are still wondering what is polypectomy, continue reading this blog post because we are bringing additional details which might be helpful to you.

Polyp Removal Surgery ABC’s

Gynecologist Talking With Young Female Patient During Medical Consultation in Modern Clinic.

As usual, we firstly want to bring you the most important facts which will help you create a clearer picture in your mind if you are deciding to do a polyp removal, especially on the lining of the uterus:

  • Polyps are benign, and in most cases, they cannot severely harm the body (95% of cases)
  • Uterine polyps can be as small as a few millimeters to almost five or six centimeters in size
  • Uterine polypectomy is used to remove polyps on the endometrial tissue of the uterus
  • The polyp removal can usually be done without putting the patient under general anesthesia 
  • The procedure is considered to be safe and to have a very high success rate 

In case you might not be aware of the polyps on your uterine wall, here are some symptoms you might experience:

-heavy bleeding

-bleeding after your period cycle is over

-irregular bleeding or spotting

-polyp prolapse

In case you notice any of these symptoms, it is essential to schedule a consultation with your chosen general practitioner or your gynecologist to have a pelvic ultrasound or similar examinations to check the status of your reproductive organs and any potential changes. Sometimes, a procedure called hysteroscopy is used to diagnose polyps in the body.

Preparing for the Procedure

Choosing the surgical technique for polypectomy depends on the size and position of the polyp. Sometimes the polyps are tiny and do not require any treatment or polyp removal. This is the task of the doctor to follow up on the developments in this regard. 

Symptoms are usually an excellent indicator that your polyps need to be removed. After making such a decision, it is essential to know all the details about the polyp removal surgery itself. 

Before the surgery, in the preparation phase, there are usually almost no tasks for the patient. If the patient is undergoing removal of polyps in the uterus, it will most probably be done under local anesthesia, and there is no extra preparation needed. In some cases, additional blood tests might be done just to ensure maximum safety for the patient.

Before beginning the surgery, the doctors must ask you questions about your general health, and this is an opportunity for you to share any additional medical issues and concerns you might have. Some medicaments are also considered to be blood thinners, such as aspirin or ibuprofen, as well as certain herbal supplements, so it is not advised to take them before the surgery. 

In case you are a smoker, many doctors, and medical staff, in general, advise you to quit smoking three to six weeks before the surgery to make the post-operative healing process as rapid as possible.

Bring a chaperone with you to the surgery, just to be safe returning home after the procedure is done. In case you opted for general anesthesia, do not eat or drink anything 12 hours before the operation. 

And lastly, the uterine polyp removal procedure has to be done after the period bleeding has stopped but before the ovulation process, so up to ten days after your last period has ended. 

The Procedure

Immediately before the procedure, the staff will measure your blood pressure and prepare you for the treatment. People generally stay awake for this procedure, with just an injection of a local anesthetic. Still, general anesthesia is also an option, so make sure you deliberate all the possible options with your doctor. In any case, a sedative might be given to make you feel more relaxed.

The polyps are removed with an instrument called an endoscope, a tube inserted into the body to avoid incisions and scarring. When it comes to a uterine polypectomy, a hysteroscope (a type of endoscope with optical and light features) is inserted through the vagina into the uterus.

Different techniques are used to remove smaller scale polyps, such as:

  • Using a heated snare to take hold of the polyp and remove it
  • Using a cold snare to take hold of the polyp and remove it
  • Using electrocautery to burn away potential remaining polyp tissue
  • Using forceps to pull and remove the polyp

Although the patient should not feel any pain during the procedure, if this is not the case, the doctors can give additional pain-numbing medication at any stage of the surgery. 

After the procedure is done, the tissue is sent for additional examination to check whether the polyp was benign or cancerous.

Healing After a Polypectomy 

In most cases, if you had a polypectomy under local anesthesia, you will be able to go home the same day after the procedure is finished.

The doctor will surely prescribe painkillers which will help with any potential pain felt after the anesthesia wears off. Some additional problems you might encounter are:

  • Discomfort 
  • Tenderness
  • Period-like pain
  • Light bleeding
  • Discharge (light pink or brown)
  • Infection (pain and odor are signs of infection)

It is advised not to use tampons at least two weeks after the polyp removal to avoid heavy lifting, strenuous exercise, and sexual intercourse until the recovery period is done. It will be good to schedule a consultation with your doctor around ten days after the procedure just to be safe. In case you suspect you have an infection, contact the doctor immediately. 

And Lastly…

Gynecologist Explains to a Woman About a Disease of the Uterus, Showing an Endometrial Polyp on Her Laptop

Polyp removal surgery is an excellent way of safely and quickly dealing with polyps. Polypectomies are also effective in helping with fertility, but it is important to note that polyps can grow back after the procedure, so keep getting regular check-ups. Some treatments that are advised to prevent future uterine polyps are:

  • Progestin
  • IUD (medicated)
  • Ablation (destroying the uterus lining)

Polypectomy itself also includes risks, such as:

  • Infections 
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Organ perforation
  • Incomplete removal of tissue 

Make sure you talk with your chosen doctor about all the potential risks and the ways of avoiding them.

Call Us!

In case this blog post left you with additional questions and concerns, feel free to contact us, and we will be here to answer all your questions and help you plan the procedure in the most efficient way possible.