What causes urinary incontinence?
Urinary incontinence can have several causes, but in most cases, it develops as a result of pelvic floor muscle weakness which can develop as a result of an injury, weight gain, hormonal changes, nerve or muscle issues, or even age. Vaginal birth and some types of gynecological surgery may also weaken pelvic floor muscles over time.
There are three primary types of urinary incontinence:
- Stress incontinence that causes bladder leakage during physical exertion or as a result of sneezing, coughing or laughing.
- Urge incontinence (also called overactive bladder) that causes frequent urges to urinate, even when sleeping at night.
- Mixed incontinence, which includes both stress incontinence and urge incontinence.
Different diagnostic methods are used to determine the type of incontinence that’s present so treatment can be optimized based on each patient’s unique needs and symptoms.