In recent years, minimally invasive surgery has become popular as a surgical method for various medical issues. With the use of specialized equipment, a camera, and small incisions, the doctor performs surgery utilizing this method. In contrast, open surgery involves making a large incision to access the affected area. Compared to the latter, which has been the standard method of performing surgical procedures, minimally invasive one provides a number of benefits. For instance, it often requires a shorter hospital stay and a speedier recovery period since it results in less discomfort, scarring, and blood loss. 

When it comes to finding a reputable clinic for minimally invasive surgery in the area, look no further than University Park OBGYN. As a leading provider of comprehensive women’s healthcare services, University Park OBGYN is dedicated to providing top-quality care using the latest medical technologies and techniques. With a focus on minimally invasive surgery, we offer a range of procedures that can help treat numerous conditions, including endometriosis, fibroids, and ovarian cysts.

In this blog post, we will explore the advantages of minimally invasive surgery over open surgery, with a particular focus on hysteroscopy, robotic surgery, and laparoscopic surgery. We will discuss how these techniques work, their benefits and liabilities, and why they are preferred by many patients and surgeons.

How Is Minimally Invasive Surgery Done?

As mentioned previously, this type of surgery utilizes small incisions to access a particular area of the body instead of larger ones used in open surgery. It is performed using a laparoscope, a small device containing a camera inserted through a tiny cut. The surgeon can carry out the treatment more precisely because of the high-resolution, enlarged picture of the inside organs provided by the laparoscope. Minimally invasive surgery techniques include hysteroscopy, robotic surgery, and laparoscopic surgery. In the next few paragraphs, we will review each of them, explain how they work, and discuss their advantages and disadvantages.


Woman Holding Uterus and Ovaries Model.

Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure used to examine the inside of the womb using a thin instrument called a hysteroscope. The surgeon inserts it through the cervix and vagina into the uterus to see the uterine lining and spot any unusual growths or abnormalities. 

Hysteroscopy has a number of benefits over conventional open surgery. One significant advantage is that it is a minimally invasive treatment requiring a tiny incision in the vagina and cervix. As a result, patients have less pain, scarring and a shorter recovery period. The shorter hospital stay associated with hysteroscopy enables patients to resume their regular activities sooner.

Patients undergoing this procedure often have a favorable experience and feel minor pain. Depending on their preferences and the surgeon’s suggestion, the surgery may be performed under local anesthetic or light sedation. Hysteroscopy recovery time is relatively brief, with most patients able to return to their regular activities in just one or two days.

Robotic Surgery

Robotic surgery is a form of minimally invasive surgery that carries out surgical operations using innovative robotic technology. The surgeon operates a console to direct the mechanical arms that are holding the surgical tools during the procedure. Similar to laparoscopic surgery, these gadgets are put into the body through tiny incisions. The surgical site can then be seen in exquisite detail and from all angles. 

Compared to open surgery, it has multiple benefits. One of the biggest is that it is minimally invasive, meaning that patients have less discomfort, less scarring, and a quicker healing period. Robotic surgery also gives the doctor additional control and accuracy, enabling more accurate and precise surgical treatments. It is frequently used in gynecology to treat diseases including endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and ovarian cysts. 

Women who have robotic surgery often report favorable outcomes and little pain. Most of them can return to their regular activities within a few weeks after robotic surgery since the recovery period is often shorter than with open surgery. 

Laparoscopic surgery 

Laparoscopic surgery, called keyhole surgery or minimally invasive surgery, is a medical treatment that creates small abdominal incisions through which surgical equipment is placed. A laparoscope, a small, illuminated tube with a camera, is used by the surgeon to observe the abdomen’s interior and direct the surgical tools. The operating room display receives high-resolution pictures from the laparoscope, giving the surgeon a zoomed-in view of the surgical site. 

It has many advantages over the traditional form of surgery. Since it is minimally intrusive, it means that patients are less prone to scars and distress. Laparoscopic surgery can also be done as an outpatient operation, allowing patients to return home the same day. In addition to operational laparoscopy, which treats illnesses including ovarian cysts, fibroids, and ectopic pregnancies, diagnostic laparoscopy is another sort of laparoscopic surgery. It is used to diagnose disorders like endometriosis and pelvic discomfort. Patients often report a favorable experience and minor pain. Most of them can return to their regular activities within a few days after laparoscopic surgery since the recovery period is often shorter than with open surgery.

Advantages of Minimally Invasive Surgery Over Open Surgery

Woman Patient Visiting Female Doctor at Clinic Office.

As mentioned above, there are numerous advantages of this type of surgery over the more traditional one. Here are some of the biggest benefits:

  1. Smaller incisions – Small incisions are all that is needed, which means there is less damage to the body resulting in less discomfort and scarring. Compared to open surgery, patients who undergo it often recover more quickly.
  2. Decreased amount of blood loss – Since the surgeon creates smaller incisions, there is typically less blood loss during the procedure. 
  3. Shorter hospital stay – Patients who get minimally invasive surgery can often leave the hospital the same day as the procedure or the day after. This lets patients return to their regular activities more quickly and lowers the risk of infections.
  4. Fewer complications – Compared to open surgery, minimally invasive surgery is linked with far fewer complications. For instance, patients who undergo these procedures have a decreased risk of bleeding and infections after gallbladder surgery.
  5. Improved surgical outcomes – Due to the nature of this type of surgery and modern equipment, surgeons can be more precise, ending in better surgical outcomes. This is particularly important in delicate procedures such as gynecologic surgeries, where the doctor needs to be extremely careful.
  6. Improved cosmetic outcomes – Since it results in smaller and less visible scars, patients will be more satisfied and confident after the procedure.


Minimally invasive surgery has truly revolutionized the field of surgery, providing many benefits over the open one. Techniques such as hysterectomy, laparoscopy, and robotic surgery have become increasingly popular in gynecology over the last few years. Surgeons can perform complex procedures with minimal trauma to the patient’s body. If you are thinking about undergoing one of these surgeries, we encourage you to learn more about the benefits of minimally invasive surgery and the specific surgical options available to you. Of course, feel free to contact Univerity Park OBGYN today to schedule a consultation.