Menopause Q & A
What is menopause?
Menopause is a natural phase of every woman’s life that marks the completion of her menstrual cycles. You officially reach menopause once you’ve gone one year without having a menstrual period or spotting. At this point, your cycles permanently stop, and you can no longer get pregnant.
Before menopause, you may experience a long transition referred to as perimenopause for 4-5 years. During this time, hormone fluctuations can cause an array of unpleasant symptoms.
Perimenopause can last for several years, during which you may notice some of these common changes:
- Lighter or heavier periods
- Skipping a few months between periods
- Shorter or longer menstrual cycles
What are the symptoms of menopause?
It’s common to experience a multitude of symptoms while you transition through menopause. They may range from mild annoyances to major interference with your ability to enjoy life. Some typical symptoms of menopause include:
- Hot flashes
- Trouble sleeping (insomnia)
- Night sweats
- Mood swings
- Weight gain
- Vaginal dryness
When does menopause occur?
The average age for menopause in the United States is 52, but it can happen at any time in your 40s or 50s, with a typical age range of 45-58. You may begin to notice the symptoms of perimenopause earlier than usual, during your 40s.
What happens after menopause?
It’s important to continue seeing the team at OB/GYN Associates of Miami for regular women’s wellness exams throughout menopause. This life transition decreases the levels of hormones in your body, which can increase your risk for certain health problems, including:
- Heart disease
- Vaginal dryness
- Urinary incontinence
- Sexual dysfunction
What is the treatment for menopause symptoms?
If you’re suffering from menopause symptoms, the team can work with you to develop a treatment plan for relief.
First, they perform a comprehensive physical exam and review your medical history. They ask questions about your symptoms, sexual history, and address any specific questions you may have.
If painful sex, vaginal dryness, or mild urinary incontinence are a concern, they may recommend nonsurgical vaginal rejuvenation treatment. For other symptoms, they may recommend lifestyle changes or medications, like hormone therapy, to reduce pain.
For help coping with menopause, call or click online to schedule an appointment at OB/GYN Associates of Miami today.