Urogynecologist treats problems with leakage (urinary incontinence), pelvic prolapse, cystocele, rectocele, and overactive bladder. Urinary incontinence is a problem more common in women and vaginal childbirth is just one of the risk factors associated with it. Others include genetic predisposition, diuretic medication, chronic constipation, smoking, and obesity. Overactive bladders often mean experiencing leakage as well as frequent urges to urinate. Reasons are most commonly neurological, inflammations and in some cases – unknown.
Pelvic floor conditions as previously described are the main focus of urogynecology, and incontinence is just one manifestation. Others, more sever forms, include pelvic organ prolapse. Risk factors are the same as with urinary incontinence, with emphasis on obesity which dramatically increases the chances of pelvic prolapse