Colposcopy is recommended if a Pap Smear result suggests further examination of the cervix. These results might indicate atypical cells, pre-cancerous cells or the HPV virus.
A colposcope is a microscope which provides a magnified view of the cervix. After placing a speculum in the vagina (as with a Pap Smear), a vinegar solution is applied to the cervix. If abnormalities are seen, a small sample of cervical cells is taken and sent to a lab for evaluation, with results available in about seven days. You might experience mild cramping and may take four Advil™ or two Aleve™ with food one hour prior to the exam.
Avoid intercourse and strenuous exercise for seven days after the exam. You may bathe or shower as usual. This exam cannot be performed during your period.