What are allergies?
Allergies are irregular functioning of the immune system. The body of a person with allergies reacts to certain environmental factors that are otherwise harmless. A healthy organism has antibodies that protect us from viruses, bacteria, and infections. An allergic person’s immune system misreads certain allergens as invasive and starts to create antibodies to protect itself.
These antibodies are called Immunoglobulin E (IgE), and they bind to mast cells located under the surface of our skin, eyes, nose, lungs, and gastrointestinal tract. When the IgE antibodies detect an allergen, they bind to it and cause the mast cells to create powerful chemicals, including histamine. This is what causes an allergic reaction.
Allergens can be divided into inhalational (allergens we breathe in) and nutritive (allergens we consume through food and drink)
Symptoms and medication
The most common symptoms of allergies include a running nose, cough, sneezing, rash, and changes in the skin. The most severe symptoms are anaphylaxis and anaphylactic shock, which can be deadly. The medicine you can take for allergies come in various forms: drops, ointments and creams, sprays, pills, syrups, injections, infusions, and so on.
If you experience some of the symptoms, we recommend scheduling an appointment with us to determine what allergies you have and what medication is best for you.