PCOS Q & A
What is polycystic ovary syndrome?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), is a hormonal disorder that affects between 5-10% of women of childbearing years. The imbalance of hormones may lead to a variety of problems, such as irregular or missed periods and interference with ovulation, acne, facial hair growth, hair loss, obesity, etc. Not all the women manifest their symptoms the same way.
This condition gets its name from the numerous clusters of “cysts” that may develop on the ovaries as a result of the disorder. In addition to cysts, the ovaries may not release eggs/ovulate as they should.
What are symptoms of PCOS?
PCOS signs and symptoms vary from woman to woman. It may be as mild or as more severe presentation. Common signs and symptoms of PCOS include:
The most common sign of PCOS is irregular menstrual periods. The periods often come with more than 35 days in between them and may be abnormally heavy.
EXCESS MALE HORMONES
High levels of the male hormones called androgens (testosterone) may result in physical signs of PCOS, including hair growth on the face, chest, and abdomen. More than 70% of women with PCOS experience excess hair growth. Other signs of elevated androgen levels include oily skin and severe acne breakouts.
PCOS may cause your ovaries to become enlarged and develop clusters of cysts, or small, fluid-filled sacs. These cysts may prevent your ovaries from functioning normally and ovulating regularly.
Due to the problems PCOS causes with normal ovulation and regular menstrual cycles, it may lead to problems getting pregnant. In fact, PCOS is the most common cause of infertility among women.
Dr. Kandinov will discuss and recommend the best treatment options to help you ovulate and increase your chances of becoming pregnant.
How do you diagnose and treat PCOS?
To diagnose PCOS, Dr. Kandinov begins with a thorough review of your medical history as well as a physical and pelvic exam. If he suspects you have PCOS, he uses the latest ultrasound technology to look for ovarian cysts. He will also take blood tests to check your hormone levels.
There is no cure for PCOS – this is something you are born with. However, Dr. Kandinov will recommend the best methods to relieve your symptoms. Treatment may include taking hormonal birth control pills or lifestyle changes such as weight loss. Even a small 10% reduction in weight can regulate your hormones and reduce symptoms of PCOS.
To learn more about PCOS and ovarian cysts, call Beacon Hallandale OBGYN or book an appointment online today.