If your Pap smear results are abnormal, your best option is to schedule an appointment with a board-certified gynecologist oncologist. A colposcopy is generally recommended as a way to take a closer examination of the cervix using a speculum and special lens. Your gynecologist oncologist may take a sample of the tissue for testing and send it to the lab for a biopsy.
Biopsy results can vary from low-grade, unlikely to develop into cervical cancer, and moderate-to-high grade, posing a greater risk for cervical cancer. For low-grade biopsy results, our policy is usually to wait, watch, and monitor. For moderate to high grade results, your doctors may recommend removing the cervical tissue by performing a cold knife cone biopsy or a Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP). Removing the abnormal cells may prevent cervical cancer from developing.