There are various types of benign ovarian cysts:
- Dermoid cysts: formed by embryonic cells that contain hair, skin, or teeth tissue, or other tissue
- Cystadenoma: a fluid filled cyst that develops on the ovary
- Endometrioma: endometrial tissue that attaches to the ovary and forms a cyst
- Polycystic cysts: related to PCOS, where the ovaries contain a large number of cysts
What are the symptoms of an Ovarian Cyst?
You may have an ovarian cyst and feel no symptoms at all. However, the most common symptom is pain or pressure on the lower side of your body where the cyst is located.
Other less common symptoms include:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Frequent urination
- Heavy bleeding between periods
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Pelvic pain
- Unexplained weight gain
In extreme cases, an ovarian cyst may twist or rupture which will necessitate a visit to the emergency room.
A ruptured or twisted ovarian cyst is generally characterized by the sudden onset of severe abdominal pain, possibly accompanied by fever or vomiting. A ruptured or twisted ovarian cyst can generally be treated with IV pain medication and fluids and rarely requires surgical intervention.