How is urinary incontinence diagnosed?
Diagnosis is initially based on a history and physical exam, which helps identify the type of urinary incontinence and determines the treatment.
In addition to a history and physical, your doctor may order a urinalysis to check for signs of infection, blood, or sugar in your urine, or other abnormalities. A bladder diary is sometimes recommended before your office visit to track how much you drink, how often you urinate, and how often you are incontinent. An ultrasound or other tests may be ordered as needed.
There are many different types of urinary incontinence, but stress incontinence and urge incontinence are most common in women:
Stress Incontinence: Due to weak pelvic muscles, your bladder leaks when you cough, sneeze, exercise, or lift a heavy object.
Urge Incontinence: Also known as overactive bladder, you may need to urinate often at night or suddenly during the day followed by episodes of incontinence.