Ovarian Cysts Q & A
What are ovarian cysts?
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form on your ovaries, the two almond-shaped organs that sit on either side of your uterus and are responsible for the development and release of eggs each month.
Most women develop what is known as a functional ovarian cyst, that may be either a follicular cyst or a corpus luteum cyst.
Your ovaries form follicles to house eggs each month. When these follicles burst open the egg then travels down to your fallopian tubes for fertilization. If the follicle fails to open, it turns into a follicular cyst.
Corpus luteum cyst
After an egg is released from a follicle, the follicle collapses into something called a corpus luteum, which makes hormones to prepare your next egg for the upcoming month. Fluid can sometimes build up in this corpus luteum, creating a cyst.
There are other types of cysts, but they are extremely rare.
What are the symptoms of ovarian cysts?
Ovarian cysts typically develop during ovulation, but usually resolve without symptoms or detection. About 10% of the time, cysts can cause symptoms that include:
- Abnormal bleeding
- Pelvic pressure and pain
- Frequent urination
- Problems with fertility
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Breast tenderness
Uncommonly, a cyst twists around the ovary or ruptures, causing severe pain. This requires immediate treatment.
How are ovarian cysts managed?
If you have symptomatic ovarian cysts, the doctors at OB/GYN Associates of Miami manage your condition with regular monitoring and pain medications. They may prescribe hormonal birth control if you have cysts frequently to reduce the likelihood that they’ll develop. Hormonal birth control includes the pill, shots, or some intrauterine devices.
Your cyst may require surgical removal if it:
- Forms after menopause
- Keeps getting larger
- Looks unusual
- Does not resolve after several menstrual cycles
- Causes pain
Most ovarian cysts are not cancerous, but some can become malignant. Regular monitoring of your cysts or removal of concerning ones reduces the chances of this serious development.
The team at OB/GYN Associates of Miami is available to help women with problematic ovarian cysts. Call today or book online to schedule an appointment for evaluation and treatment.