Ovarian Cysts

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Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are sacs or bags filled with fluid in an ovary or on its surface. Women have two ovaries, each the size and shape of an almond and located on one side of the uterus. The eggs, which are produced and mature in the ovaries, are released in monthly cycles during the fertile years.

Many women have ovarian cysts at some time. Most ovarian cysts have little or no discomfort and are not harmful. Most go away without treatment within a few months.

However, ovarian cysts (especially those that have ruptured) can cause severe symptoms. To protect your health, get regular pelvic exams and familiarize yourself with symptoms that may indicate a problem that may be serious.

Most cysts do not cause any symptoms and go away on their own. However, a large ovarian cyst can cause it:

  • Pelvic pain: dull or severe pain in the lower abdomen on the side of the cyst.
  • Feeling of fullness or heaviness in the abdomen
  • Swelling

When to see a doctor
Seek immediate medical attention if you have the following:

  • Sudden or severe pelvic or abdominal pain
  • Pain accompanied by fever or vomiting

If you have these signs and symptoms or those of a shock, such as cold, clammy skin, rapid breathing, and lightheadedness or weakness, see a doctor right away.


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