What is infertility?
Infertility is a common problem that affects millions of couples who have difficulty getting pregnant. You get diagnosed with infertility after having frequent, unprotected sex for one year without getting pregnant.
If you’re a woman over age 35, you may receive infertility treatment after only six months of trying to get pregnant. Infertility also applies to women who conceive but are unable to carry the pregnancy to term.
What causes infertility?
Infertility is not only a woman’s health problem. In fact, about one-third of infertility cases are due to a problem with the man. Another one-third of the time, infertility is caused by a condition that affects the woman. The remaining third of infertility cases are either due to both partners, or have unknown causes.
The most common cause of infertility in men is an issue with sperm delivery. A man may make too few sperm or he may have a condition that affects the way his sperm move.
Most cases of infertility in women involve problems with ovulation. Certain medical conditions, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), can interfere with ovulation.
Additionally, several lifestyle factors, such as smoking, drinking, and stress, can affect your ability to get and stay pregnant.
When should I see a doctor for infertility?
If you’re younger than 35, experts suggest you try for at least one year before seeking professional help for infertility. Because your chances of conceiving decline rapidly after age 30, women over age 35 should seek treatment after only six months of trying.
However, it’s never a bad idea to schedule an appointment with your provider at Lievano Perez Obstetrics and Gynecology of Miami if you’re trying to get pregnant. They evaluate your health and advise you on how to best prepare your body for pregnancy.
How do you treat infertility?
First, your provider at Lievano Perez Obstetrics and Gynecology of Miami performs a fertility evaluation on you and your partner. This involves comprehensive physical exams and in-depth reviews of your medical and sexual histories.
They may also test your blood for hormones that signal ovulation and perform a semen analysis on your partner. Once they identify the issue, the team at Lievano Perez Obstetrics and Gynecology of Miami recommends the best treatment for your condition. This may include:
- Assisted reproductive technology
- Medicines to boost ovulation
- Surgery to correct a medical condition