What is pelvic pain?
Pelvic pain describes a wide range of discomfort that affects the lower part of your abdomen in between your hips. Symptoms of pelvic pain may include:
- Sudden, severe pain
- Sharp, stabbing pain
- Dull, aching pain
- Intermittent pain
- Persistent pain
You may experience pelvic pain before or during certain events, such as your menstrual period. When pelvic pain persists for more than 4-6 months, it’s considered chronic. Pelvic pain that occurs with a fever, nausea, or vomiting is a sign that you should seek medical care right away.
What causes pelvic pain in women?
Pelvic pain may be a symptom of an underlying gynecologic problem. Common women’s health conditions that cause pelvic pain include:
- Menstrual cramps
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Uterine fibroids
Women are also prone to numerous non-gynecologic health conditions that cause pelvic pain, such as urinary tract infections and irritable bowel syndrome. In some cases, pelvic pain persists without any diagnosable cause.
How do you diagnose and treat pelvic pain?
Pelvic pain can be difficult to diagnose. To help your OB-GYN at Lievano Perez Obstetrics and Gynecology of Miami discover the source of your pelvic pain, you may want to keep track of your symptoms in a journal before your appointment.
Your provider at Lievano Perez Obstetrics and Gynecology of Miami carefully reviews your medical history and symptoms. They may ask certain questions, such as when the pelvic pain occurs and how long it’s been going on.
They also perform a thorough physical and pelvic exam. Depending on your needs, they may also take tests, such as:
- Pregnancy test
- Pelvic ultrasound
- Pap test
Then, your provider creates a personalized treatment plan to reduce pelvic pain. The specific treatment you need depends on the underlying cause of your pain.
Treatment may include:
- Antibiotic medication
- Pain-relieving medication
- Hormonal birth control
If your condition is severe or doesn’t improve with conservative treatment, the team at Lievano Perez Obstetrics and Gynecology of Miami may recommend surgery. Their highly trained gynecologic surgeons perform minimally invasive, robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgeries with the da Vinci® surgical system.