There is a wide range of factors for hypertension, however for most patients, there is no clear indicator of why they develop the condition. It is considered to be a normal part of the aging process. The walls of the arteries become more elastic over time and blood flow becomes less efficient.
Secondary hypertension implies there is a known reason or underlying condition. It is a response to a medication or be a side effect of a particular disease. Conditions of secondary hypertension usually include:
- Kidney problems
- Adrenal tumors
- Thyroid disease
- Congenital defects in the heart or arteries
- Drug or alcohol abuse
- Obstructive sleep apnea
The initial phase in hypertension treatment will be to determine the root cause for your increased blood pressure.